Symptoms of Thyroid Problem

thyroidismThe thyroid is gland located in front of the neck, just below the Adams apple (larynx) .Thyroid gland is an essential gland which is under the control of   pituitary gland (a small gland located at the base of the brain).Pituitary gland stimulates thyroid glands to produce thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH) thyroxin (T4) and triiodothyronoine (T3) that control the metabolism (conversion of oxygen and calories to energy), and the way the body uses energy of the whole body.
The main function of the thyroid is to take iodine, found in the food we eat, and convert it into thyroid hormones. Thyroid cells are the only cells in the body which can absorb iodine and combine it with amino acid to make T3 and T4.
Thyroid disease is common among people. Problems occur when the thyroid glands functions are either underactive (hypothyroidisms) or overactive (hyperthyroidism).

Symptoms of Thyroid Problems
Here are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. These are the following symptoms that show the thyroid gland is not functioning normally

Some of the symptoms of hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is caused when the body does not produce enough thyroid hormones that is thyroxin (T4), this hormone plays a vital role in the body functions such as digestion, growth and other functions.

• Fatigue
• Constipation
• Puffy face
• Weak Muscle
• High levels of blood cholesterol
• Dry skin
• Weight gain
• sensitivity to cold
• loss of memory
• Hoarseness
• tenderness and stiffness of muscle
• Swelling and pain in the joints
• Thinning hair
• Slowed heart rate
• Heavy bleeding
• Depression

Some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) is a condition in which the body releases excess amounts of the thyroid hormones T3 and T4. It can affect your metabolism.
• Slowed heart rate
• Fatigue
• Irritability
• Heavy bleeding
• Hand tremors
• Shortness of breath
• Depression
• Excess sweating
• Hair thinning
• Sudden paralytic attack
• High blood sugar levels
• Fertility problems
• Nervousness
• Light sensitivity,
• Itching and hives
• increased appetite
• weight loss
• bowel disorders mostly diarrhoea
• menstrual problems
• insomnia
• vision problems

If you have thyroid problem, it can lead to various health issues. See a doctor and get proper treatment. The doctor will order for some tests and prescribe the required medication.
Apart from this try to get enough sleep and exercise regularly, it will be extremely helpful, since it helps you maintain your weight and regulate your metabolism. Develop healthy eating habits, stay calm and follow your doctor’s advice. Thyroid levels can be managed with changes in your lifestyle.